Floods are categorised and named in several distinct ways. You can look at the geography: the physical features in the area or the source of the flood water:
- flooding of river
- flooding from the sea
- flooding in river delta
- urban flooding
Another important feature is the speed with which the water flows into the area:
- flash flood: the water flows in with great speed.
- overflow of major rivers: the water flows over the banks and spreads over the terrain. Both the flow speed and the rising speed are comparatively low.
- ponding, pluvial flooding or water logging: water forms a layer on the fields or streets because high intensity rainfall cannot be drained as quickly as it comes down.
You can look at the cause of flooding:
Causes of flooding:
For more information about the different types of floods, take the virtual tour, or go to the flood types section.
Back to flood risk